Variable growing conditions greatly influenced the 2021 hard red winter (HRW) wheat crop.
In areas with favorable growing conditions, high yields resulted in lower protein but excellent kernel characteristics.
However, regional swings in temperature and drought led to high protein, lower yields, and smaller kernels.
As a result, the overall crop has generally good kernel characteristics with flour, dough and bake attributes equal to or better than last year and many of the 5-year averages.
The loaf volumes achieved indicate there is sufficient protein quality to make pan bread that easily exceeds the U.S. quality target for loaf volume, with dough mix times and stabilities that are slightly greater than the 5-year average.
This crop meets or exceeds typical HRW contract specifications and should provide high value to customers.
Planted area for the 2021 hard red winter crop recovered from last year’s historic lows with an estimated 9.6 million hectares (23.6 million acres) seeded in fall 2020, a 10% increase over last year.
Growing conditions varied among the HRW production regions.
Eastern areas of the Southern and Central Great Plains experienced favorable growing conditions resulting in high yields, very good kernel characteristics, but lower protein.
While western areas of the Southern and Central Plains experienced drought and record freeze events, resulting in lower yields and smaller kernels, but higher protein.
The Northern Great Plains and Pacific Northwest suffered historic drought conditions that hurt yield and kernel characteristics.
Production of the 2021 HRW crop is estimated to be 20.4 million metric tons (MMT), up from 17.93 MMT in 2020 and above the 5-year average of 20.8 MMT.
With very few exceptions, disease and insect pressure were not major issues for the 2021 HRW crop.
To read more about the 2021 U.S. hard red winter wheat crop, click here.
A full-length regional report will be available at that link as it becomes available.